Computer system analysts, sometimes referred to as system architects, examine a company's IT systems and processes and design solutions so that the company can work more efficiently and effectively. They bring business information technology (IT) together by understanding the needs and limitations of both.

Computer system analysts typically do the following:


  •       Contact managers to determine the role of IT systems in an organization
  •       Research new technologies to decide whether their installation can increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the company
  •       Prepare a cost-benefit analysis so that management can decide whether IT systems and updating the computer infrastructure are financially useful
  •       Introducing ways to add new functionality to existing computer systems
  •       Design and implementation of new systems through selection and configuration of hardware and software
  •       Monitors the installation and configuration of new systems to customize them for the organization
  •       Run tests to ensure that the systems are working as expected
  •       Train the end users of the systems and write operating instructions

Most computer system analysts specialize in computer systems that are specific to the organization with which they work. For example, an analyst can mainly work with financial information systems or technical information systems. IT system analysts help other IT team members understand how IT systems can best serve a company by working closely with the company's directors.

Also read: Duties and responsibilities of computer operations and system analyst

Computer system analysts use a variety of techniques, such as B. data modeling to design computer systems. Data modeling enables analysts to view processes and data flows. Analysts conduct in-depth tests and analyze data information and trends to increase the performance and efficiency of a system.

Analysts calculate the requirements for the amount of memory, storage, and computing power that the computer system requires. They create flowcharts or other types of diagrams that programmers or engineers can use to create the system. Analysts also work with these people to troubleshoot issues that arise after the original system is installed. Most analysts set a schedule during their work.

In some cases, analysts who oversee the initial installation or upgrade of IT systems from start to finish can be named IT project managers. They monitor the progress of a project to ensure that deadlines, standards and cost targets are met. IT project managers who plan and manage the IT department or IT guidelines of a company are included in the profile of the IT and information system managers.

Many IT system analysts are general-purpose analysts who develop new systems or adapt existing ones. However, there are some specialized system analysts. The following are examples of types of IT analysts:


Software quality assurance (QA) analysts perform remote tests and diagnose problems with the systems they design. Tests and diagnostics are carried out to ensure that critical requirements are met. QA analysts also write management reports recommending ways to improve the systems.

Developer analysts design and update system software and create applications that are tailored to the needs of their company. They code and debug more than other types of analysts, but continue to work with management and business analysts to determine the business needs the applications are targeting. Other professions that program are computer programmers and software developers.

education and training

A bachelor's degree in a field of computer science or computer science is common, although this is not always necessary. Some companies hire analysts with a degree in business administration or humanities who have knowledge of information technology or computer programming.


Most computer system analysts have a bachelor's degree in a computer-related field. Because these analysts are also heavily involved in a company's business side, attending business courses or being important in management information systems can be helpful.


Some employers prefer applicants with a master's degree in business administration (MBA) with a focus on information systems. A master's degree in information can be used for technically more complex tasks